New Perspectives on Middle East Politics: Economy, Society and International Relations, Cairo: American University in Cairo Press, forthcoming (2021).
This compelling book examines important and cross-cutting themes in the study of contemporary Middle East and North African politics and international relations. Unusual in drawing together contributions from scholars based in the region and beyond, it weaves together essential interdisciplinary, conceptually rich, and forward looking content. Chapters cover population and youth, civil – military relations, soft power and geopolitical competition, regionalization and internationalization of conflict, the role of oil in reconstruction efforts, extra-regional actors, environmental politics and the Israel – Palestine conflict. A Postscript highlights the impacts of Covid-19 in the MENA region. Students are supported with an extended and innovative glossary, including key concepts, actors and abbreviations. The book serves as an ideal primer and companion volume for scholars of Middle East Studies, as well as for policy professionals, journalists and the general reader (re-)engaging with the region.
“Robert Mason has assembled an impressive array of scholars who, together, provide us with a breadth and depth of analysis on many of the most critical issues facing the region today. This volume is one of the few available that covers such diverse topics as the political economy of youth, civil-military relations, soft power politics, environmental politics, extra-regional actors and other regional politics. The volume will become an indispensable reference for Middle East Studies students, conscientious journalists, and others who seek breadth and depth of coverage on the region.” – Denis J. Sullivan, Professor of Political Science and International Affairs and Co-Director of the Middle East Center, Northeastern University, Boston, USA.
“Media commentary about the Middle East is often breathlessly chasing the latest current events while academic debates can be arcane at times. This volume provides a refreshing middle ground: It debates the politics of the Middle East and its development challenges against the backdrop of history and convincingly explains key concepts of a crucial sub system of international relations. Essential reading for students and executives alike.” – Eckart Woertz, Director of the GIGA Institute of Middle East Studies & Professor for Contemporary History and Politics of the Middle East at University of Hamburg, Germany.
“Although designed primarily as a companion and reference text for students in Middle East studies, this book is far more than that. It provides a broad introduction to the key issues at the heart of the region, with chapters that are both richly detailed and lucidly written. But as its title says, it does so in context, and it is in this respect that the book is so refreshing, timely, and appropriate. Many chapters have a theme or angle embedded in them; geopolitical rivalry is linked to soft power, for example, and economic change to demography and youth. Others are a fresh take on an issue, or a timely examination of an emerging dynamic: chapters on civil-military relations, and on environmental politics, get the attention here that is so lacking in many texts on the region’s politics. This book is clear enough to support, or even drive, an undergraduate course on Middle East politics, but detailed and novel enough to be of similar value in a postgraduate one, while scholars with a range of interests are likely to find a number of original ideas and new angles through which to frame their analyses of the region.” – Matthew Gray, Professor in the School of International Liberal Studies, Waseda University, Japan.
“This timely, informed and informative book makes a real contribution to contemporary thinking on the politics of the Middle East region. It is particularly welcome in providing new perspectives on old issues ranging from oil to the Israel-Palestine conflict and for its success in locating more recent issues including environmental politics and the shrinking power differential in an increasingly multipolar world in their regional perspectives. On publication, this will be a very helpful read for students and established scholars alike.” – Rory Miller, Professor of Government, Georgetown University in Qatar.
Transnational Security Cooperation in the Mediterranean, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, forthcoming (2021).
This volume draws together academics and think tank experts to explore the revised European Neighborhood Policy (ENP) and EU Global Strategy (EUGS) towards the Southern Neighborhood. This in the context of the Arab Uprisings and conflict, counter-terrorism cooperation, the Mediterranean refugee crisis, energy developments in the Eastern Mediterranean, shifting interactions with and between international partners, and the fallout from Covid-19. Covering aspects such as actorness, power and alliances, history, socioeconomics, domestic politics, regime security, and the regional security complex, the authors provide a comprehensive and theoretically rich analysis of EU policy inputs, southern neighborhood interests and responses, as well as new strategy proposals aimed at enhancing human security. The volume will appeal to European and Middle East studies students, international relations scholars and policy professionals alike.
“Transnational Security Cooperation in the Mediterranean calls on states and the EU to transcend short-term securitised approaches to relations between the southern and northern sides of the Mediterranean. Contributors to the volume provide a series of up-to-date analyses of the wide range of issues and actors affecting security cooperation in the wider region. Provides important lessons for the EU in the post-Codvid-19 pandemic era.” – Karen E. Smith, Professor of International Relations and Head of the Department of International Relations, London School of Economics and Political Science.
“Robert Mason’s book helps us to better understand one of the most complex – and dangerous – security environments in the world today. In what has become a very crowded European ‘neighbourhood’, with Russia, China, Turkey and the Gulf countries flexing their muscles as never before, the countries of the Middle East and North Africa are struggling with all manner of threats to their stability and development. Mason contributes a well-informed analysis of those threats and provides some useful suggestions for the EU on how best to help deal with them.” James Moran, former EU Ambassador to Jordan, Yemen, Libya and Egypt.
“This is a truly relevant book for anyone interested in obtaining in-depth understanding of some of the most crucial contemporary security dynamics in the EU’s southern neighbourhood and their impact both on the region and Europe. Against the backdrop of growing fragmentation and disorder in the regional and international system, and by bringing together junior and senior researchers, this volume offers an eclectic array not just of key EU policies towards individual Arab Mediterranean countries in policy fields such as counterterrorism, migration and energy. It also offers fresh perspectives on how the EU’s southern neighbourhood has increasingly turned into a playground – and in parts even a battlefield – for a variety of external actors, competing for influence, power and resources, thereby rendering the EU’s most recently adopted attempts at resilience building ever more arduous.” Tobias Schumacher, Professor and Chairholder of the European Neighbourhood Policy Chair, College of Europe, Natolin.
“Robert Mason’s book is definitely going to enrich the debate on and understanding of this complex area of constantly shifting sands. It has the advantage of giving a very broad view of the question. From a geopolitical point of view, it provides a thoroughly useful insight into South-South relationships in the Southern Mediterranean and, beyond this, of the role of other international actors in the region. On top of the “usual suspects”, it also explores the rise of influence of relative newcomers in the region such as India or Japan. Delicate and burning questions on security and counter-terrorism cooperation, or the race for energy access in the Eastern Mediterranean are deeply and subtly addressed. Last but not least, in the conclusion, the author opens up avenues with respect to the future of a possible EU approach towards Southern Mediterranean ENP. Definitely a must-read for policy-makers and academics working in this field.” Eva Saenz-Diez, Researcher at the Groupe d’études et de recherches sur le Monde Arabe contemporain (GERMAC) at the Université Catholique de Louvain, and member of the Research center on European Neighbourhood Policy at the Université Saint-Louis de Bruxelles.
Reassessing Order and Disorder in the Middle East: Regional Imbalance or Disintegration?, New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 2017.
This volume unpacks the changing domestic political context and other leading foreign policy drivers of the primary Middle East powers over the last decade, up to and including the Arab Spring. Middle East expert Robert Mason, and other regional analysts, assess how these policies have impacted on the regional balance of power in a penetrated system, identifying in conclusion whether the current disorder is a temporary imbalance or evidence of longer term disintegration. The volume pays special attention to the policies of the USA, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Qatar, Turkey, Egypt and Israel. The states in this volume were chosen for their enduring or emerging power status and relevance in the political, religious and sectarian challenges facing the region at large. Its conclusions about the main actors being consumed by internal and sub-regional conflicts which have exacerbated, escalated or extenuated state governance crises and political vacuums in the region, makes the work vital for students of Middle East politics and policy practitioners alike.
Egypt and the Gulf: A Renewed Regional Policy Alliance, Berlin: Gerlach Press, 2016.
Egypt continues to be a cultural and political beacon in the Middle East. It’s control of the Suez Canal, cold peace with Israel, concern about neighbouring Gaza, mediation and interest in the Israel-Palestine conflict, and the marginalization of the Muslim Brotherhood are all points of significance. The Egyptian military is the largest in the Arab world, and there is a close, and expanding, defence and security relationship between Egypt and the GCC states, most evident in the inclusion of Egypt in Saudi Arabia’s new Sunni counterterrorism alliance. The authors of this book contextualise historical linkages, analyse adversarial postures (especially Egypt’s contentious relations with Qatar and Turkey) and study Egypt’s strategic relations with Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the UAE in particular. The book’s main argument derives from a complex web of political, socio-economic and military issues in a changing regional and international system. It states that Egyptian regional policy under el-Sisi will generally remain consistent within existing parameters (such as broad counter-terrorism efforts, including against the Muslim Brotherhood). Even though domestic Egyptian circumstances require a broader outlook and orientation, there is strong evidence to support the idea that Cairo wishes to maintain a GCC-first policy.
Muslim Minority – State Relations: Violence, Integration and Policy, New York: Palgrave, 2016.
By bringing together diverse case studies from Europe, Africa and Asia, much can be learnt from different contexts where Muslim – state relations vary greatly according to new, established, marginalized or conflict-ridden communities; communities being constructively redefined or excluded; and between states that govern Muslim minority groups consistently according to the rule of law and states that are unable to govern effectively or persist in their toleration of cynical policies and public discourses, security-centric decision making or arbitrary legal ploys. The aim is to learn more about what drives government policy on Muslim minority communities, Muslim community policies and responses in turn, and where common ground lies in building religious tolerance, greater community cohesion and enhancing Muslim community – state relations.
This volume goes beyond legitimate (and not so legitimate) state security concerns post-9/11 which have often led to a narrowing of domestic policies on Muslim minority communities, rather than taking on board and reconciling a full range of historic, social, economic, political and religious issues which affects their place in society.
Read the review in Perspectives on Politics
Watch the book launch event at the Center for Christian – Muslim Understanding at Georgetown University (Youtube)
International Politics of the Arab Spring: Popular Unrest and Foreign Policy, New York: Palgrave, 2014
This book explores and analyzes how the Arab Spring has affected the political and economic relationships between the West, the BRICs and the MENA states. It locates continuity and change in these relations within the broader context of democratization, energy, security, arms relationships, and the shift towards a multi-polar system. Each chapter charts a history of ideological engagement , which has generally given way to more pragmatic energy, economic, and security interests, and defines and analyzes the fundamental and emerging factors that shape foreign policy. The volume pays special attention to the UN Security Council authorization of “all necessary measures” against Qaddafi’s Libya and the subsequent deadlock in getting China and Russia to pass further Resolutions for intervention in Syria.
Read the review in ORIENT 2016
Foreign Policy in Iran and Saudi Arabia: Economics and Diplomacy in the Middle East, London: I. B. Tauris, 2014
Saudi Arabia, with its US alliance and abundance of oil dollars, has a very different economic story to that of Iran, which despite enormous natural gas reserves, has been hit hard by economic, trade, scientific and military sanctions since its 1979 revolution. Robert Mason looks at the effect that economic considerations (such as oil, gas, sanctions, trade and investment) have had on foreign policy decision-making processes and diplomatic activities. By examining the foreign policies of Saudi Arabia and Iran towards each other, and towards the wider Middle East and beyond, Mason seeks to highlight how oil policy, including oil production, pricing and security of supply and demand, is the paramount economic factor which drives the diplomacy and rivalry of these two pivotal regional powers. His book thus offers vital analysis for researchers of international relations in the Middle East and the processes involved in the formation of foreign policy.
Read the review in Bustan
ARTICLES IN REFEREED JOURNALS
- “Russia in Syria: An Unequivocal Return to the Middle East?“, Middle East Policy, Winter 2018/19.
- “The Syria Conflict and the Euro-Med Refugee Crisis: An Opportunity to Enhance the Common Foreign and Security Policy”, European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 23, Issue 1, February 2018.
- “Breaking the Mould of Small State Classification? The Broadening Spheres of UAE Foreign Policy through Effective Military and Bandwagoning Strategies”, Canadian Foreign Policy Journal, Vol. 24, 2018.
- “Enhancing South Sudan’s Prospects Through Advancing an Ambitious National Security – Development Agenda”, Africa Policy Journal, Vol. XIII, Harvard Kennedy School.
- “A Reassessment of the European Neighbourhood Policy: Extending the Limits of Regional Conceptualisation and Approach”, Orient, Vol. 1, 2018, pp. 31-39.
- “Caution Gives Way to Increasingly Assertive Policies in Saudi Arabia but to What End?”, Harvard Journal of Middle East Politics and Policy, (November 2016)
- “Egypt’s Future: Status Quo, Incremenal Growth or Regional Leadership?”, Middle East Policy, Vol. XXIII, No. 2, (June 2016)
- “China’s Impact on the International Relations of Sub-Sahara Africa: What Lessons for Other Non-Traditional Actors?”, Third World Quarterly, (February 2016): 84-96
- “US, EU and Russian Middle East Policy: Failures, Interests and Reconciliation”, German Journal for Politics, Economics and Culture of the Middle East (Orient), Vol. IV, (2015)
- “Patterns and Consequences of Economic Engagement Across Sub-Sahara Africa: A Comparative Analysis of Chinese, British and Turkish Policies”, LSE Working Paper (2015)
- “Back to Realism for the Promise of an Enduring US – Saudi Relationship”, Middle East Policy, Vol. XXI, No. 4, (Winter 2014)
- “Security and Development in Afghanistan: Rivalry, Reconciliation and Reconstruction”, Journal of Central Asian & Caucasian Studies, Vol. 9 (17), Summer 2014, (English and Turkish)
- “The Omani Pursuit of a Large Peninsula Shield Force: A Case Study of a Small State’s Search for Security”, British Journal of Middle East Studies, (October 2014): 355-367
- “The Price of Peace: A Re-evaluation of the Economic Dimension in the Middle East Peace Process”, Middle East Journal, Vol. 67, No. 3, (summer 2013): 405-425
- “Russian Middle East Policy: A Function of “Reset” with the US or a New Cold War?” The Maghreb Review, Vol. 37, No. 3-4, (2012)
- “U.S. and Russian Engagement in the Middle East: From Cold War to Cold War” in Wilda Western and Alejandra Galindo (eds.), Voces, Tramas Y Trayectoria II, (Monterrey: Universidad de Monterrey, 2017). Translated into Spanish.
- “Turkish Regional Policy in the Modern Era: From “Zero Problems” to Few Options” in Robert Mason (ed.), Reassessing Order and Disorder in the Middle East: Regional Imbalance or Disintegration? New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 2017
- “Egypt – Turkey Relations in Context: A Role for the GCC States?” in Robert Mason (ed.), Egypt and the GCC States: Renewing an Alliance Amid Shifting Policy Pressures. Berlin and London: Gerlach Press, 2016.
- “Saudi – South Asian Relations”, in Neil Partrick (ed.), Saudi Arabian Foreign Policy: Conflict and Cooperation in Uncertain Times, London: I. B. Tauris, 2016.
- “Bahrain” and “Syria” in Christopher Matthews et al (eds.), The Middle East and North Africa 2016, Abingdon: Routledge, 2016.
- “Executive Summary”, in Robert Mason (ed.), Muslim – Minority – State Relations: Violence, Integration and Policy, New York: Palgrave, 2016.
- “Towards a Strategic Partnership: Turkish Foreign Policy and GCC Alliance Building in the Era of the Arab Uprisings”, in Ozden Oktav (ed.), GCC – Turkey Relations: Dawn of a New Era, June 2015.
- “The Obama Administration and the Arab Spring: Waiting for a Doctrine” in Robert Mason (ed.), The International Politics of the Arab Spring: Popular Unrest and Foreign Policy, New York: Palgrave, December 2014.
- “Iranian Policy towards Latin America as a Counter-Measure against U.S. Hegemony”, in Alejandra Galindo (ed.), The Gulf and Latin America: An Assessment of Expectations and Challenges, Gulf Research Centre Cambridge, October 2013.
- Indo-Saudi “Strategic Partnership”: An Analysis of the Leading Drivers”, in Abu Backer Bagader et al (eds.), India and the Gulf: What Next? Gulf Research Center Cambridge, June 2013.
Review of Neslihan Cevik, Muslimism in Turkey and Beyond: Religion in the Modern World, (New York: Palgrave, 2016). In Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 15, March 2017, pp. 264-265. Available here
Review of Yoel Guzansky, The Arab Gulf States and Reform in the Middle East: Between Iran and the “Arab Spring”. In Journal of Arabian Studies, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2016. Available here
Review of James Copnall, A Poisonous Thorn in Our Hearts: Sudan and South Sudan’s Bitter and Incomplete Divorce. In African Affairs, Vol. 114, Issue 456. Available here
Review of Seyed Hossein Mousavian, Iran and the United States: An Insider’s View on the Failed Past and the Road to Peace, Middle East Media and Books Review Online, November 2014
Review of Fawaz Gerges, Bending History? Barack Obama’s Foreign Policy. In LSE Review of Books, 15 January 2013. Available here
Review of Fawaz Gerges, Obama and the Middle East, the End of America’s Moment? In E-International Relations, 21 November 2012. Available here
(with Sherry Gadelrab), Review of Waqar I. U. Ahmad and Ziauddin Sardar, Muslims in Britain: Making Social and Political Space. In LSE Review of Books, 28 September 2012. Available here